## Setting flow alarms Deviation Mud Volume

A) Identify the Deviation Mud Volume gauge and its low and high set controls. b) Pump mud at 80 SPM and set the flow alarms as follows i) Place Tank Select Switch to high position ii) Use the Coarse switch to select number of barrels at which alarm should go off. (iii) Use High Adjust switch to set alarm by turning it till the red light comes on, then back off slowly till the red light goes off. (iv) Place Tank switch to the Low position (v) Use Low Adjust switch and repeat as in (iii). (vi)...

## Utilizing Shutin Procedures to Kill Well

A) When a kick is suspected, conduct a flow check as follows iv) Watch flow alarms. If on, probably a kick. b) At BOP, open the Choke line. d) Observe the SIDPP and SICP and wait till both pressures stabilize. b) Observe the SIDPP and SICP and wait till both pressures stabilize.

## OnOff Switch

A switch allowing the geolograph to be turned on or off. 1. What are the main functions of the Stand Pipe Manifold 2. Name the three 3 operational positions of the gate valves of the Stand Pipe Manifold. 3 Which one of the four 4 recorders on the Driller's Console gives an indication of the rate of penetration during drilling 4 Which component on the drillers console indicates the total mud volume in circulation 5. To see an increase or decrease in the mud volume, which component on the...

## Experimentation

A FREE WATER SEPARATION Test Procedure 1. Weight out 400 grams of cement into each of three quart jars. The dry cement sample should be passed through the sieve in order to remove lumps and foreign materials. The cement temperature should be 80 oF. 2. Prepare 170 cc, 190 cc and 210 cc of sweet water into three 250 graduate cylinders. This amount of water will produce cement slurries with water to cement ratio of 0.425, 0.574, 0.525 by weight. 3. Add the cement samples to the three water...

## Choke Line

A left or right control with a center position return that will allow the student to open or close the hydraulic control valve. 5 Choke Manifold Land This set up is designed to full sized model of a typical choke manifold on the rig. It consists of eleven gate valves operated by several turns of valve handle, Remote Choke activated from a panel , Remote Outer Choke Valve and Kill Line valve both controlled from the BOP Panel as well as the Left and Right Manual Chokes. Both drill pipe and...

## Advantages Of Adding Weighting Material To

Pf Final Mud Density po Original Mud Density pB Barite Density 35.82 ppg VO Original Mud Volume VB Barite Volume WtB Barite Weight NB Specific Gravity of Barite 4.3 1. Calculate and list the amount of barite required to increase the density of each batch from 8.6 ppg to 9, 10, 11 and 12 ppg. 2. Obtain 400 cc of original base mud density 8.6 3. Add the calculated amount of barite to each batch, stir for about 2 minutes and measure the Apparent and Plastic Viscosities and Yield Point. 4. Repeat...

## Experiment No Oil Well Cementing Experiment

WATER RATIOS FOR PORTLAND CEMENT SLURRY Objective To show the effects of varying amounts of mixing water on the physical properties of Portland cement. These properties are Free Water Separation, Normal and Minimum Water Content and Thickening Time. The Atmospheric Consistometer consists of a Stainless Steel Water bath that houses the slurry containers. An instrument panel houses components that allow control of the bath at any temperature from ambient to 93oC, and rotation of the slurry...

## Circulating Out a Kick to kill the well

A Set the stroke counter on both Drillers Console and Remote Choke console to zero. b Obtain the Kill Sheet with SIDPP amp SICP and all calculated parameters. c Also obtain Kill Mud Weight and Maximum Allowable Casing Pressure. d Bring up pump at slow circulating rate 0-30 SPM while maintaining casing pressure constant at the SICP using the remote choke control, continue till at 30 SPM or slow pump rate. e Follow the pressure decline on the Kill Sheet by opening and closing the choke at the...

## Pressure Column

Pressure Decline Drill String Stroke Subtract Pressure Decline from each previous pressure until Final Drillpipe Pressure is reached. 1. Describe briefly how to set the flow alarms on the following devices 2. Name four 4 Kick warning signs and indicate which device on the Drilling Simulator shows these signs. 3. Use the following information on Well 3-124, drilled by the M amp I Drilling Consultants, fill out the attached Kill Sheet using the Engineers' Weight-On-Bit WOB Rotary Rate RPM Normal...

## Rotary Table Rheostat

A control allowing the student to increase or decrease the rotary table speed K. Mud Pump 1 Clutch used in engaging or disengaging mud pump. 1 L. Mud Pump 2 Clutch used in engaging or disengaging mud pump. 2 K. Drawworks Clutch used in engaging or disengaging mud pump. 1 Note The clutch must be energized for foot operation. The drillers console contains the analog and digital gauges used to monitor the key parameters required for efficient drilling and effective well control. It also has four...

## Remote Choke Panel

This panel resembles the typical Swaco panel used on rigs. It includes analog and digital gauges that monitor the key parameters required for efficient well control exercises. The analog gauges monitor drill pipe pressure, casing pressure, pump stroke rate and choke position. The digital meters show the total elapsed pump strokes, one position choke control, master air valve, and a choke adjustment speed control. Detailed discussions of Remote Choke Panel components is as follows

## Remote Choke Panel Operation

A Identify all controls on this panel. b Turn on the power supply control to the panel using the power lever c Open and close the choke and observe the choke position at various rates of opening and closing. d Utilize the switches and lever systems to control the Shut in Casing Pressure SICP and Shut in Drill Pipe Pressure SIDPP as needed during kick circulation. 1. Describe the step-wise procedure for circulating mud at the rate of 75 Strokes per minute SPM during a normal drilling operation....

## Filtration Wall Building And Resistivity

The loss of liquid from a mud due to filtration is controlled by the filter cake formed of the solid constituents in the drilling fluid. The test in the laboratory consists of measuring the volume of liquid forced through the mud cake into the formation drilled in a 30 minute period under given pressure and temperature using a standard size cell. It has been found in early work that the volume of fluid lost is roughly proportional to the square root of the time for filtration, i.e.

## Rotary Torque Limit

Rotating control that allows the student to adjust the maximum power applied to the rotary table. Note If limit is not properly set, a twist-off will Occur. A forward and reverse switch that applies power to the drawworks. Note Reverse switch is inoperative A control allowing the student to increase or decrease the cement pump speed. A control allowing the student to increase or decrease the mud pump 1 speed A control allowing the student to increase or decrease the mud pump 2 speed

## Drilling Fluid Contamination Test

In preparing a bentonite slurry using fresh water, the bentonite will hydrate and agitation furnished by a mixer is sufficient to separate the hydrated clay plate lets and result in a viscosity and gel strength increase, if the bentonite is placed in salty water or water containing dissolved hardness calcium or magnesium the hydration and subsequent dispersion by agitation is reduced. The question arises, what occurs when salt or hardness is added to a dispersed bentonite drilling fluid and...

## Of Drilling Fluid

A SAND CONTENT DETERMINATION Theory Periodic sand content determination of drilling mud is desirable, because excessive sand may result in the deposition of a thick filter cake on the wall of the hole, or may settle in the hole about the tools when circulation is stopped, thus interfering with successful operation of drilling tools or setting of casting. High sand content also may cause excessive abrasion of pump parts and pipe connections. Sand content is determined by elutriation, settling,...

## Gel Strength Measurement Procedures

Stir a sample at 600 RPM for about 15 seconds. 2. Turn the RPM knob to the STOP position. 3. Wait the desired rest time normally 10 seconds or 10 minutes . 4. Switch the RPM knob to the GEL position. 5. Record the maximum deflection of the dial before the Gel breaks, as the Gel strength in lb 100 ft2. lb 100 ft2 x 5.077 Gel strength in dynes cm2 . This is the measure of the electro-chemical or attractive forces in the mud under flow dynamic conditions. These forces depend on 1 surface...

## Oil Well Cementing Properties And Functions

The cement used for oil well cementing differs from concrete or masonry work in that it consists of a thin slurry of primarily cement and water. The cement used in oil wells must possess three primary properties. They must possess a proper water-to-cement ratio, a sufficient fluid time to allow placement, and must develop enough strength in a minimum time to bond the pipe to the formation. Hydration reaction with water begins when water is added to cement. The cement slurry gradually sets to a...

## Laboratory Safety Instructions

Safety in the laboratory must be of vital concern to all those engaged in experimental science work. It is therefore the responsibility of everyone to adhere strictly to the basic safety precautions provided and to avoid any acts of carelessness that can endanger his life and that of others around him. It is equally important to always abide by all the instructions for conducting the experimental work during the laboratory sessions. Below are some guidelines for general laboratory safety and...

## Mud Rheology Test

Viscosity, Gel Strength and Yield Point Rheology refers to the deformation and flow behavior of all forms of matter. Certain rheologic measurements made on fluids, such as viscosity, gel strength, etc. help determine how this fluid will flow under a variety of different conditions. This information is important in the design of circulating systems required to accomplish certain desired objectives in drilling operations. Viscosity is defined as the resistance of a fluid to flow and is measured...

## Mud Weight Marsh Funnel Viscosity And pH

A MUD WEIGHT OR DENSITY TEST Theory The density of the drilling fluid must be controlled to provide adequate hydrostatic head to prevent influx of formation fluids, but not so high as to cause loss of circulation or adversely affect the drilling rate and damaging the formation. Normal pressure gradient by water is equal to 0.433 psi ft and equal to 433 psi 1000 ft. The Baroid Mud Balance as shown below is used to determine density of the drilling fluid. The instrument consists of a constant...

## Experiment No Control Of Mud Weight

A EFFECT OF ADDING BENTONITE ON MUD PROPERTIES FOR FRESH AND SALT WATER BASE MUD 1. Add to every 400 c.c batch of fresh water base mud 2, 4, 6 and 8 grams of bentonite and stir for 10 minutes. 2. Measure the density lb gal, viscosity c.c. apparent and plastic and yield point lb 100 ft, using the Rheometer for every batch. 3. Add 20.6 ml of 10 by weight salt water to every batch. Stir for 5 minutes and repeat step 2 . 4. Report all the results density, viscosities, yield for every batch in a...

## Drilling Parameters

Weight-On-Bit WOB Rotary Rate RPM Normal Pump Circulating Rate Slow Circulating Rate Kill Rate Pressure 25,000 lb 100 rpm 60 SPM 20 SPM 280 PSI 5, 19.5 LB FT, GRADE E Capacity 0.0178 BBL FT. 6 x 2 13 16 , Capacity 0.0080 BBL FT. Length 600 FT MUD PROPERTIES MUD DENSITY MUD GRADIENT VISCOSITY YIELD POINT PUMPS NO. 1 amp 2 9 5 8, 47 LB FT, N-80 set at 5,000 FT Length 600 FT. 9.0 PPG. 0.542 PSI FT 12.00 CP. 8.00 PSI 100 FT. National 12-p-160, 6 Liners, 0.117 BBL STK at 95 Efficiency Drill Collars...