Instruments for In Situ Sample Analysis

Luther W. Beegle, Sabrina Feldman, Paul V. Johnson, and Christopher B. Dreyer

  1. 1 Introduction 643
  2. 2 Instrument Design Considerations 652
  3. 3 Instrument Categories 652
  4. 4 Geological Context 656
  5. 4.1 Imaging and Spectroscopic Instruments 657
  6. 5 Mineralogy Identification 666
  7. 5.1 Mossbauer Spectroscopy 666
  8. 5.2 Spectrometers (UV/VIS, Near-IR, Mid-IR, Far-IR, etc.) 667
  9. 5.3 Differential Scanning Calorimetry 669
  10. 5.4 Raman Spectroscopy 669
  11. 5.5 Powder X-Ray Diffraction 672
  12. 5.6 Contact X-Ray Diffraction 673
  13. 6 Chemistry 674
  14. 6.1 Laser Spectroscopy 675
  15. 6.2 Ion- Selective Electrodes, pH, and Redox Meters 677
  16. 6.3 X-Ray Spectroscopy 679
  17. 6.4 Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) 682
  18. 7 Biology 685
  19. 7.1 Capillary Electrophoresis 686
  20. 7.2 Liquid Chromatography and Ion Chromatography 687
  21. 7.3 Microarrays 689
  22. 7.4 Colorimetric and Fluorescence Assays in Solution 690
  23. 7.5 Optical Sensors 690
  24. 7.6 Non-Traditional Separation Approaches (e.g., Carbon Nanotubes) 692
  25. 7.7 Ion Mobility 692
  26. 8 Conclusion 694 References 695
0 0

Post a comment