## Average Angle

When using the average angle method, the inclination and azimuth at the lower and upper survey stations are mathematically averaged, and then the wellbore course is assumed to be tangential to the average inclination and azimuth. The calculations are very similar to the tangential method and the results are as accurate as the balanced tangential method. Since the average angle method is both fairly accurate and easy to calculate, it is the method that can be used in the field if a programmable calculator or computer is not available. The error will be small and well within the accuracy needed in the field provided the distance between surveys is not too great. The average angle method is graphically illustrated in the following figure.

Illustration of the Average Angle Calculation Method

Average Angle Equations

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